- Data Wizard ‒ Choose a year and geographic area for a subset of the data
- Tabular Data ‒ Download the full data set
ENOW provides time-series data on the ocean and Great Lakes economy, which includes six economic sectors dependent on the oceans and Great Lakes. ENOW is available for counties, states, regions, and the nation in a wide variety of formats.
See the Data
- County Snapshots ‒ easy-to-understand stories about your county, complete with charts and graphs; the “Ocean Jobs” and “Wetland Benefits” snapshots use ENOW data
- Summaries ‒ the national report and a variety of infographics (visual representations of the data) at the national, regional, and state levels
Interact with the Data
- ENOW Explorer ‒ a tool using maps, charts, and graphs to show changes in the ENOW data from place to place and over time
- Area of Coverage: 402 coastal counties, 30 coastal states, 8 regions, and the nation
- Dates Available: 2005 to 2010
- Format: Comma-separated value (CSV)
- Scale: National, state, and county
Ocean and Great Lakes Economy (graphic)
The Ocean and Great Lakes Economy described in ENOW includes six economic sectors that depend on the oceans and Great Lakes:
- Living Resources
- Marine Construction
- Marine Transportation
- Offshore Mineral Resources
- Ship and Boat Building
- Tourism and Recreation
ENOW describes the Ocean and Great Lakes Economy using four important economic indicators:
- Gross domestic product (GDP)
ENOW uses two sources of data:
- Establishments, wages, and employment are derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- Gross domestic product (GDP) is based on the Bureau of Economic Analysis’ GDP-by-state statistics.
Geographic Footprint (graphic)
ENOW provides data for 402 counties, 30 coastal states, 8 regions, and the nation. The basic geographic footprint for ENOW’s county-level data is a suite of “Coastal Shoreline Counties” determined by using the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s definition, which states that a coastal county must
- have a coastline bordering the open ocean or the Great Lakes or
- contain coastal high hazard areas (V-zones).
ENOW makes two adjustments to the list of Coastal Shoreline Counties:
- removal of shore-adjacent counties with no relevant economic activity (11 counties and the District of Columbia) and
- the addition of counties that are not shore-adjacent but do have significant levels of ocean- and Great Lakes-dependent economic activity (17 counties).
The methods that are used to generate ENOW data build on an extensive body of research dating to the late 1970s. The current composition of its six ocean and Great Lakes-dependent sectors is largely the work of the National Ocean Economics Program. Each sector represents an aggregation of relevant economic activity. For more detail, see the Frequently Asked Questions under the support tab.
Data are georeferenced by Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code. FIPS includes a unique code for each state and county. It is published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Notes and Limitations
In accordance with Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) policy, data provided to the bureau in confidence are not published and are used only for specified statistical purposes. BLS withholds publication of employment and wage data when necessary to protect the identity of cooperating employers. Totals at the industry level for the states and the nation include data suppressed within the detailed tables. In addition, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages data, like other employment statistics, do not reflect the economic activities of the self-employed.
Stories from the Field
Developing an Economic Baseline for Recreation and Tourism on the Atlantic Coast
Researchers used Economics: National Ocean Watch (ENOW) data from the Ocean Jobs Snapshot to develop baseline economic profiles for 70 East Coast communities vulnerable to tourism and recreation impacts from offshore wind facilities.
What Is the Ocean and Great Lakes Economy? (graphic)
A graphic portrayal of the elements that make up the ENOW Ocean and Great Lakes Economy.
ENOW Frequently Asked Questions
Answers a number of questions about the data, methods, and uses.
Provides helpful context on why and how to use economic and other social science data in coastal management decisions.
Suppression: The Mystery of the Vanishing Data
A comical, clear, and brief blog entry that explains the concept of data suppression.
What’s in the Ocean and Great Lakes Economy? (table)
Shows how data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are aggregated to create the six ENOW sectors. BLS and BEA data are classified by type of industry using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Each ENOW sector represents a composite of multiple NAICS industry classes that depend on the oceans and Great Lakes.
Includes a series of fun, animated two-minute videos that explain the significance of key economic concepts.
NOAA Economic Report and Infographics
Provides a detailed analysis of ENOW data, including background on the ocean and Great Lakes economy, as well as infographics, or visual representations of the data, at the national, regional, and state levels.
Have a Question? Or a Comment? Let us know.
If you have questions or comments about ENOW data, contact us at email@example.com.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Economics: National Ocean Watch (ENOW) Data. Based on data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Charleston, SC: NOAA Coastal Services Center. Available at www.csc.noaa.gov/enow.